IMG_20201217_223037

Abound with nature,obliged to nurture!

The environment surrounds us and sustains us, as beings of this planet we have been dependent on each and every resource the environment offers us from day one, most of us look at it as a boon but we might have just become too independent and have taken these resources for granted and unknowingly some of us are completely misusing them, some of the resources available to us like fossil fuels are non-renewable and exhaustive in nature which cannot be replenished. We have been taught to follow the three Rs that is reduce, recycle and reuse but still lag behind, the notion of sustainable development has been highlighted on numerous occasions still we are unable to follow it diligently. Has Coronvirus been a bane on mankind? Eventually it was us humans who had to lock ourselves at home and let nature plays its natural role.

Has our lifestyle and use of non-biodegradable material paved way for a new geological age? Based on a dynamic study it has been found that for the first time in history human made objects would outweigh living things on Earth for the first time. Scientists stated that the combined weight of concrete, plastic, bricks and other materials would outweigh all animals and plants on Earth. Scientists also stated that we have entered a new geological age known as Anthropocene, the impact which mankind will have on sediments and rocks will be visible to people millions of years into the future. Dr. Ron Milo who was the lead in the research team of this study stated ‘ It is a reason for all of us to ponder our role, how much consumption we do and how can we try to get a better balance between the living world and humanity.

A shocking incident in Eluru, Andhra Pradesh shook the whole country, around five hundred people were hospitalised after they faced bouts of anxiety, epilepsy attacks, nausea and headache. According to reports this was due to the presence of lead and nickel in water, the water after being tested was showing presence of pesticides. Bellaru lake in Karnataka had become a pool of toxic froth due to industrial pollution. Incidents like these are a wakeup call for the whole country, Incidents like these have popped up on many occasions and are an alarm for us to finally take some action, According to a survey many Indian states came out with a strict rule of saying no to plastic bags and plastic containers, they initially penalised the law breakers but after a few months passed things started becoming the way they were, shopkeepers started using polythene bags and even consumers have switched over to storing many items in plastic bags, household plastic use has increased during the lockdown period.

People living near industries have been victims of numerous diseases due to the inhalation of deadly gases from the industries and due to the release of industrial waste in water bodies, till date in many villages of India people still wash their clothes and utensils, they wash their animals in the same water and also bathe in it, industrial waste releases in such water bodies which are used by people for various purposes to a great extent is not only harmful for the people but also the environment.

Many organisation have created waterproof straws out of paper and chickpeas as a substitute for plastic straws. In USA fuel has been obtained out of corn kernels which is renewable and ecofriendly. In the year 2015 roads made out of plastic waste were built, Padma Sri Rajagopalan Vasudevan who is a professor at Madurai’s Thiagarajar College of Engineering paved they way for this method, It adheres to three Rs and also is a sustainable option. In Andhra Pradesh people have started making road out of used plastic and cans,

In the end it’s us humans who will eventually be bearing the brunt of our decisions. The simple of notion of give and take is truly the way of the world. We as humans who are bearing the horrifying repercussions of a sustainable approach along with vigorous implementation of the new changes is a necessity, We have come up with numerous scheme, laws and summits in order to put an end to climate change and the catastrophe it has on us. Even though we have started taking up drastic decisions and have made many changes in our lifestyle, will this fulfill the need of the hour?

Capture

Karnataka government declares 4 more spots in the state as Biodiversity Heritage Sites – A move greatly appreciated

On 22nd October, Karnataka biodiversity board has decided to name four more spots in the state as biodiversity heritage sites, the reason being the presence of unique and fragile ecosystems, containing rare species of flora and fauna.

Antaranga Betta, Mahima Ranga Betta, Aadi Narayana Swami Betta and Urumbi area on Kumaradhara river basin are the designated spots.

One of the members of the Karnataka Biodiversity Board said that ‘designating an area as a biodiversity heritage site will protect the rich and unique diversity of the area and save it from further deterioration.’

The first spot, Antaranga Betta located in Kolar, acts as a perennial water source in the state which flows throughout the year.

Mahima Ranga Betta in Nelamangala is located in the metropolitan city ‘Bengaluru’. This Betta is one of the few surviving lung spaces in the city. Lung spaces play a crucial role in big overpopulated cities. They reduce pollution by lowering the level of CO2 present in the environment. They are also responsible for rainwater percolation which recharges the groundwater.

Aadi Narayan Swamy Betta in Chickballapur contains dry-belt species which are protected by the locals.

Urumbi area is situated near the banks of Kumardhara river. Kumardhara river basin has 47 plant species endemic to the Western Ghats, out of which 3 are listed as critically endangered and 3 others are endangered in the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) species list.

Biodiversity Heritage Sites are listed due to the presence of rare and threatened species in their vicinity which needs protection from external threats of human poaching, forest fires and pollution. They contain a richness of flora and fauna, fossil beds etc. Locals living near such heritage sites protect these places as they attach cultural, ethical and aesthetic values which have been passed down to them from their ancestors.

An area is designated as a national heritage site under section-37 of Biological Diversity Act, 2002. The state government in consultation with local bodies may notify areas of importance as Biodiversity Heritage Sites.

Other states throughout the country should take a cue from Karnataka and name other major biodiversity spots as a national heritage site. India’s rich biodiversity is its natural asset, and government and citizens should work towards protecting them.

Government authorities in partnership with locals living in the area should plan for better care of the forest areas, securing the flora and fauna of the area.

It is often seen that many corrupt officials take bribes from the hunters and poachers for destroying the flora and fauna of a critically important site. The officials also make false reports to the government to keep their misdoings in hiding. There needs to be harsh repercussions for such acts and then maybe we can hope for a beautiful and well protected environment.