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The Conflict Over Nagorno- Karabakh

On 27 September 2020, the tensions between Azerbaijan and Armenia escalated over Nagorno- Karabakh area, when Azerbaijan arm forces launched aerial strike on a civilian settlement. Earlier this year on July 12, three Azerbaijani soldiers were killed due to ceasefire violation on both sides. Both of the countries are on the verge of a full-scale war aided by neighbourhood powers. With Azerbaijan being supported by Turkey, and Russia providing arms and missiles to Armenia.


The region has a long history of conflicts which goes back decades long. It all started with the fall of the USSR, when both of them became independent from Soviet’s rule. Both countries were under the control of Soviet Union until its fall in the late 1980’s. From then onwards, the conflict has continued till this day over Nagorno- Karabakh area. Although the ceasefire regulations were put in place by Russia in 1994, there wasn’t any effect on both of the parties involved in the conflict. There were many ceasefire violations since then. Each of them has accused the other of ethnic cleansing.


Nagorno- Karabakh is an area lying in the territory of Azerbaijan in the Southern Caucasus region. It has a vast Armenian population who wants freedom from Azerbaijan’s authority to establish an independent Artsakh republic of their own or join Armenia’s territory.
Azerbaijan, to maintain its territorial integrity won’t allow this proposition. They instead have started bombing many parts of Nagorno- Karabakh region, killing both military personnel and innocent civilians. In retaliation, Armenia has also thrown bombs, missiles etc. in many cities of Azerbaijan. Because of this France, USA and Russia have called for an immediate ceasefire violation in the area to avoid further escalation of conflicts between the two regions.


It seems quite evident from this incident that even in this time of pandemic, some governments around the world still hunger for innocent people lives as if the fatality from the pandemic is not enough.