On 26 October, 2020 Nasa made an official announcement stating it has found the presence of water on the sunlit side of the moon. One of the most awaited discoveries has been finally been found. NASA’s SOFIA telescope(research aircraft) was the one behind this marvelous discovery. Paul Hertz, director of the Astrophysics Division in the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington stated ‘We had indications that H2O – the familiar water we know – might be present on the other side of the moon. ‘
One of the main objectives for the Artemis Key exploration plans was to learn about the presence of water on moon’s surface and also about the existence of micro life forms. The water molecules were discovered inside Clavius Crater which is visible from the Earth. Also,last year concentrated hydrogen was also found. But scientists are still unsure if it will remain for long on the surface as the moon has a very thin atmosphere and water is generally stored in ice caps or in the deepest craters. Also, NASA stated that tiny cold traps might be housing water ice. This discovery is definitely an ice breaker as it is a mind blowing discovery for researchers and space scientists, they also look forward to see if the water on the lunar surface is usable or not.
This discovery would pave way for further research and can also turn the tables as it question some of the past theories which have been associated with our natural satellite’s rocky surface. Understanding the hydrological dynamics will give a boost to human missions. This also gives hope as finding the presence of water on other celestial bodies in our solar system can a source of research and deep space exploration.