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The Conflict Over Nagorno- Karabakh

On 27 September 2020, the tensions between Azerbaijan and Armenia escalated over Nagorno- Karabakh area, when Azerbaijan arm forces launched aerial strike on a civilian settlement. Earlier this year on July 12, three Azerbaijani soldiers were killed due to ceasefire violation on both sides. Both of the countries are on the verge of a full-scale war aided by neighbourhood powers. With Azerbaijan being supported by Turkey, and Russia providing arms and missiles to Armenia.


The region has a long history of conflicts which goes back decades long. It all started with the fall of the USSR, when both of them became independent from Soviet’s rule. Both countries were under the control of Soviet Union until its fall in the late 1980’s. From then onwards, the conflict has continued till this day over Nagorno- Karabakh area. Although the ceasefire regulations were put in place by Russia in 1994, there wasn’t any effect on both of the parties involved in the conflict. There were many ceasefire violations since then. Each of them has accused the other of ethnic cleansing.


Nagorno- Karabakh is an area lying in the territory of Azerbaijan in the Southern Caucasus region. It has a vast Armenian population who wants freedom from Azerbaijan’s authority to establish an independent Artsakh republic of their own or join Armenia’s territory.
Azerbaijan, to maintain its territorial integrity won’t allow this proposition. They instead have started bombing many parts of Nagorno- Karabakh region, killing both military personnel and innocent civilians. In retaliation, Armenia has also thrown bombs, missiles etc. in many cities of Azerbaijan. Because of this France, USA and Russia have called for an immediate ceasefire violation in the area to avoid further escalation of conflicts between the two regions.


It seems quite evident from this incident that even in this time of pandemic, some governments around the world still hunger for innocent people lives as if the fatality from the pandemic is not enough.

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India is ready for a Two-Front war, warns Air Chief Marshal Bhaudauria

Air Chief Marshal has recently said in a statement that ‘With Indian Air Force’s strong deployment in Eastern Ladakh, India is ready to face a two-front war.’ The statement comes days before the commencement of Air Force Day celebrations on October 8.

The Indian Air Force prior to this declaration has already placed several of its fighter jets i.e – Sukhoi 30 MKI, Jaguar and Mirage 2000 aircrafts, along the line of actual control.


Indian till date, has never faced China in an all out airstrike, as it has done with Pakistan during last year Balakot air strikes, where a terrorist camp was allegedly demolished, as claimed by the Indian government.


Recent conflicts have risen due to the 5 months long standoff in Ladakh between India and China. Border standoff in Galwan valley during the month of June with Chinese troops, has resulted in the martyrdom of 20 soldiers on Indian side.


 To assuage the situation, Commander level talks based on a five point principle has been proposed, but despite that a concrete solution to solve the situation has not been agreed upon yet. Also, in the diplomatic meeting between External Affairs minister S.Jaishankar and his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi in Moscow, the indian side has demanded strict obedience to the agreements on both sides. 

Due to the inconclusiveness of Diplomatic and Commander level talks between the two countries, the situation could take a turn for the worse.


With rapid technological transformations in the defence sector, there is a growing tension of an all out conflict now, more than ever. The recent ceasefire violations by Pakistan army at Line of Control (LoC) has aggravated the border situation.


In view of the recent Chinese Aggressions, India has already toned up a higher level of security in the conflicted regions of Ladakh for damage control and preventing the worsening of the situation. 


The tensions have been rising between both the countries for a long time, if an immediate resolution is not reached on time – the situation could become fatal for both the sides.